Allergies

Prevention and Treatment Of Pepper Allergy

Pepper comes from the seeds of Piper nigrum plant.  Red, white, green and black are the different forms of pepper available. Known as the master spice, pepper is used to add flavor and spice to the dish. Although pepper allergy is rare, it can cause swelling of lips, itchiness around the mouth, and hives in few people.

Pepper allergy involves an immune system response, where the body mistakenly identifies pepper as harmful and reacts against it.  Although excessive pepper causes watery eyes, runny nose in people, an allergic reaction involves swelling, itchiness and hives.

Symptoms of Pepper Allergy:

The following are the symptoms of pepper allergy:

  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Swelling of lips, throat
  • Itch around the lips
  • Hives
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing

Pepper Allergy Treatment:

Anti-histamines can be used to relieve pepper allergy  reaction. You can use Benadryl to treat it.Sometimes, pepper allergy can progress to an anaphylactic reaction – which can be life threatening.  A self-injectable epinephrine should be used immediately to stop an anaphylactic reaction.

You can keep a food diary to record the kind of foods you are eating. As pepper allergy is rare, a food diary will help your doctor to identify any hidden allergens in your food.

To prevent pepper allergy, read the labels and avoid pepper products. On the food labels, the word ‘paprika’ refers to pepper. While eating out, inform the hotel staff about your allergy. Avoidance of pepper is the only way to prevent pepper allergies.

If you have instances of allergic reaction after eating food with pepper, do consult your allergist. He/she can give proper diagnosis and treatment for pepper allergies.

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