How to Get Rid of Allergy Sneezing?
A sneeze is a voluntary response of the body expelling air from the lungs through the nose and mouth. It is generally triggered by any foreign particle or allergen irritating the mucous lining of the nasal cavity and throat. Allergy sneezing is a preventive mechanism of the body by which it expels phlegm and mucous containing allergens and irritants out of the body.
Irritants Causing Allergy Sneezing
Sneezing could be an auto immune response to a lot of allergens. Some of them are listed below:
- Dust Mites
- Fragrances and Perfumes
Why do we sneeze when we have allergy?
Allergy is an auto immune response of the body. There are certain otherwise harmless enviromental elements which can wreck a havoc inside our bodies. These allergens are perceived by the body as a threat in some individuals. The body produces antibodies known as IgE to combat the protein in the allergens. The antibodies react and bind with the proteins causing the body to secrete a chemical called histamine from the mast cells of the gut, skin and pharynx. Free flowing excess histamine in the blood stream causes the body to manifest the adverse physical reactions which include intense and vigorous sneezing. Other reactions would be skin rashes, respiratory distress, digestive problems etc.
How is this Sneezing Response of the Body Treated?
Some medications discussed below can help treat such symptoms of allergies:
Available mostly over the counter, antihistamines work by blocking the histamines released by the body in response to the allergen. They treat symptoms like sneezing, itchy feeling in throat, runny nose and watery eyes very efficiently. Antihistamines like Allegra, Benadryl, Claritin, Zyrtec etc are used very commonly to treat sneezing. Antihistamine eye drops are also available to treat red and itchy eyes.
Decongestants relieve congestion of the chest and nasal cavity and is coupled with antihistamines to treat the condition effectively. They work by reducing the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity and throat. Decongestants in the form of nasal spray and eye drop should not be used extensively over a longer period. However, pills and liquids are meant for more extensive use. Zyrtec-D, Sudafed, Afrin nasal spray etc are few of the most popular nasal decongestants of this time.
Nasal Steroid Sprays
In allergic rhinitis, the nasal membranes get swollen and filled with fluid. These are called nasal polyps. Nasal Corticosteroids are very efficient in reducing inflammation of the nasal passage and brings immediate relief. Sometimes combined with antihistamines they become more potent. However, the only flaw remains that they are not recommended for long term use. Nasonex, Rhinocort, Flonase are some of the corticosteroid sprays available in the market. They can stop the progression of asthma in patients with known hypersensitivities. A nasal spray by the name of Cromolyn sodium available over the counter can also relieve symptoms. However, it takes 3-4 weeks to start working.
How to get rid of Allergy Sneezing?
- Take measures to prevent allergies from entering your work and living space.
- Keep doors and windows closed.
- Take off shoes before entering home.
- Go for a simple and less ornate dÃ©cor for the house. Intricate designs catch more dust.
- Keep pets away from your bedroom.
- Use hypoallergenic bed spreads and curtains.
- Have an air filter installed.
- A dehumidifier can remove moisture and prevent molds.
- It would be a good investment to buy a HEPA enabled vacuum cleaner to clean furniture, upholstery and carpet.
- Opt for hardwood floors over wall to wall carpeting.
It would be a good idea to get oneself tested to identify the allergen causing the sneezing. That can help one to adapt to measures tailored to keep away the identified allergen.