All About Chromium Allergy

Chromium AllergyChromium allergy can either be caused due to the chrome covering metals or from the other sources of chrome. Cement, mortar, leather, paints and several other sources contain chromium salts which can cause allergy. The best way to prevent chromium allergy is to wear protective covering while around chrome-related objects or avoid contact with them.

Chromium allergy is caused when our body mistakenly identifies chromium as harmful and reacts against it. People working in industries such as cement, metal, electroplating and other chrome manufacturing processes are at risk of chrome allergy.

Chromium is present in leather goods, cosmetics, paints, tattoos, jewelry, cement, dyes etc. If these products cause an allergy, you might be suffering from chromium allergy.

Symptoms of Chromium Allergy:

  • Hives
  • Rashes
  • Ulcers
  • Nasal septum ulceration

The ulcers due to chrome allergy can be pitted and around 2 to 5 mm. If treatment is not given at the right time, there can also be scarring.

Treatment of Chromium Allergy:

Corticosteroids, emollient creams or antihistamines may be helpful to reduce the reaction. If the reaction is severe, antibiotics may also be needed.

Allergy testing can be undertaken to check if you have chrome allergy. Patch testing or skin prick test is used to test for chromium allergy.

To prevent chromium allergy, it is always better to avoid contact with chrome. Wearing protective clothing or using gloves would be helpful. If you find the above symptoms and suspect chrome allergy, do speak to your dermatologist or allergist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

How to Avoid chrome allergy

If you are working in the metal industry, avoid exposure to chromium in the workplace. Outside the workplace, be aware of all possible sources of chrome. Wear thick socks to reduce foot perspiration. This minimizes chances of contracting chromate-induced shoe dermatitis.

Use only those cosmetics that do not have chrome as an ingredient. Do not touch matches. Wash clothes contaminated by chrome. While using products containing chrome, wear gloves and related protective clothing. Visit your dermatologist for further advice.

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