What Are The Signs Of Strawberry Allergy?
According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology food allergies affect around 3-4% of the adult population and 6 % of young children.
is rare but is capable of setting off strong reactions in hypersensitive people.
It is a bright red medium sized fruit belonging to the rose family. It is grown all over the world for its distinct flavor, rich sweet taste, juicy pulp and bright red color. It is fortified with cancer fighting and anti aging antioxidants. But for some all the goodness of this red berry could bring in a lot of distress.
What causes Strawberry Allergy?
This particular allergy is caused when the protein in the fruit is perceived by the immune system to be a threat and it starts making antibodies to protect the body. These antibodies are known as Immunoglobulin E (IgE) and they bind with the protein to cause many allergic reactions in the body. The mast cells in the gut, skin and pharynx produces a substance called histamine when the IgE molecules binds with the protein. Histamine is the main culprit behind the adverse effects on the body.
The protein in the berries which causes the allergy is similar in structure to the protein causing Birch Pollen allergy. Anybody allergic to birch pollen would be very prone to the allergy discussed. A lot of research has also proved that the protein responsible for giving the tempting red color to the berry is the one causing the reactions. White berries did not evoke any adverse reaction in the research subjects.
Signs and Symptoms of Strawberry Allergy
- Oral allergy symptoms like swelling, itching and burning sensation in mouth, lips, palate and throat.
- Watery eyes, runny nose and excessive sneezing.
- Skin rashes like with red itchy welts in and around the mouth and also in other parts of the body as in Hives or Urticaria.
- Vomiting, abdominal cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea and other digestive disorders.
- In extreme cases anaphylaxis can occur. It is chracterised by the inflammation of the airways causing shortness of breath, severe coughing and wheezing.
Treatment of hypersensitivities to the red berry
- Eliminate strawberry from the diet. Read labels and stay away from anything with any trace of the fruit.
- Do not touch them and stay away from cosmetics with strawberry extracts and essence.
- Antihistamines can be taken to block the excess histamine in the body and provide relief from symptoms.
- In cases of acute anaphylaxis, an emergency shot of epinephrine should be administered.
- It would be a good idea to get a skin prick test or a blood test done to confirm this allergy. This would ensure that staying away from the said berries would be a priority with the sufferers of this allergy.