Nicotine is a liquid alcohol present in tobacco. It is water soluble. It is a bitter tasting liquid and forms salts with acids because of its basic character.
The addiction to nicotine is very severe. Many people often struggle a great deal to get rid of this addiction. It causes various problems right from cancer to emphysema.
Symptoms of Nicotine Allergy
The effects of nicotine are generally dose dependent and extremely high doses can produce toxic symptoms. The following are the important symptoms of nicotine allergy:
Headaches occur when the Central Nervous System (CNS) gets affected. The nicotine ingestion generally sends a rush to the brain and if the body fails to handle the drug properly, it causes severe headache.
Nausea is another most prominent symptom pertaining to nicotine allergy. It is one of the most prominent gastrointestinal symptoms, developed due to nicotine allergy. Nicotine first causes burning of the mouth and throat. This is followed by profuse salivation and then nausea. Due to nausea, severe vomiting and abdominal pain occur.
This is one of the most life-threatening symptoms of nicotine allergy. Generally, mouth and tooth pains lead to swelling of the throat. This is a life-threatening allergic reaction.
The reaction of the nicotine in the sinus glands leads to congestion.
Diarrhea is the most prominent and severe symptom among gastric symptoms. It succeeds nausea, vomiting and severe abdominal pain.
Fist Aid for Treating Nicotine Allergy
The following are the common first aid measures that are suggested in case of nicotine allergy:
- Clearing the airways (even ventilator support if the need arises)
- Gastric lavage( cleaning of stomach)
- Single and multiple doses of activated charcoal
- Clean with running water if nicotine falls on the skin
- Diazepam or barbiturates (for controlling seizures)
- Atropine for treating cholinergic symptoms
Allergic Reactions to Nicotine Patch
The nicotine patch is commonly used to stop smoking. It is generally safe to use. However, some people may have problems using it. Patients suffering from diabetes or heart disease should wear the nicotine patch only under a physician’s supervision.
The nicotine patch is also not suitable for those allergic to adhesives. Allergic reactions include itching and redness near or under the patch. Severe reactions include breathing trouble and wheezing.