Amoxicillin Allergy Reaction – Symptoms and Treatment
Amoxicillin is an antibiotic drug in the penicillin family of drugs. It is used for treating a variety of conditions, including ear, bladder and sinus infections. It fights bacteria and bacterial infections and is known by the names Amoxil, Trimox, Dispermox, and Alphamox. In this article we give information on allergic reaction to amoxicillin.
Although this drug efficiently cures many types of maladies, it is considered as a safe drug, but some individuals can develop an amoxicillin allergy. Allergic reaction to amoxicillin is seen as a side effect. It is observed that those who are hypersensitive to penicillin, and those having allergies like urticaria, asthma and hay fever are more likely to develop allergic reaction to amoxicillin. Here are the symptoms and treatment of amoxicillin allergy reaction.
Symptoms of Amoxicillin Allergy Reaction
The severity of the allergic reaction depends on the amount of the drug taken and also the time. This leads to mild and also severe reactions. However, you should not ignore any symptom because it may cause serious complications. Following are some of the symptoms of amoxicillin allergy.
Skin Rashes – These develop all over the body or in some areas. Rashes may appear red and are swollen like bumps and spots over the surface of the skin. Often they resemble hives. This is the most common symptom of amoxicillin allergy in children and adults.
Nausea – This is another most common symptom observed by consuming amoxicillin allergy. It may also cause loss of appetite and weakness as direct effect.
Swelling and Itching – You may experience itching sensation in various areas of the body, particularly where the skin folds such as arms folds, groin area, toe webs, behind the knees, armpits and web of fingers. These may cause great discomfort and trigger infections because of scratching with the fingernails which have dirt in them. Apart from itching, swelling is also a common side effect of allergic reaction to amoxicillin, particularly the swelling of tongue, lips, throat and face.
Digestive problems – Amoxicillin allergy trigger many digestive problems such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, heartburn and acidity.
Inflammation – One may experience inflammation all over the body. Facial muscles are the most common places where one experiences inflammation and it also results in burning sensations in the nose, around the mouth, lips, lower eyelids and cheek. This may spread to other body parts.
Severe Reactions – There are many other reactions which can come due to the usage of amoxicillin drug. Following are some of the severe reactions because of continuous usage and heavy dose of the medication:
• Emergence of kidney diseases
• Fungal infections
• Liver failure or weakening of liver
• Traces of blood in stool
• Darkening of urine
• Abdominal pain
• Nasal congestion
• Difficulty in breathing
• Shortness of breath
• Blisters and ulcers develop in the genitalia, mouth and back areas
• Peeling of skin on feet and hands
Treatment of allergic reaction
Here is how to treat an allergic reaction to amoxicillin, which usually depends on the severity and nature of symptoms.
Recognizing the Symptoms – Firstly you need to recognize the symptoms which are common in those who are allergic to amoxicillin and certain other penicillin drugs. Symptoms vary according to the degree of reaction. They include hives, rash swelling of lips and severe life threatening symptoms like anaphylactic shock. Anaphylactic shock symptoms include difficulty in breathing, dizziness and rapid heartbeat.
Avoid Taking Amoxicillin – When you experience these allergic symptoms, stop taking this drug even though the symptoms seem to be minor. Consult your physician immediately soon after you stop taking amoxicillin. You should explain what all symptoms you experienced so that the physician becomes aware of the condition and prescribes you medication for treating the allergic reaction.
Treating the Condition – Hives or rash can be treated with over the counter medications like antihistamines. This medication should be taken as suggested by the physician. Topical antihistamines may also be prescribed for skin reactions. Over the counter antihistamines, cold compresses and other methods or drugs can be used for treating mild side effects. Yeast or fungal infections can be cured by consuming cranberry juice or yogurt. Avoiding irritating fabrics, taking cool baths and limiting perspiration helps to calm and soothe the rash.
Although amoxicillin allergy is common, it can manifest to a dangerous condition if ignored or considering it as something common. Sometimes, allergic reactions to antibiotics can become life threatening condition. Thus, you must consult the doctor as you observe allergic reactions to any drugs.