Celiac Vs Gluten Intolerance

Coeliac or

celiac disease

is a type of gluten intolerance.

Gluten intolerance

is a broad term used for all types of intolerance, whereas celiac disease is inflammation of the small intestine caused due to glucose intolerance.

This means in celiac disease there is gluten intolerance whereas gluten intolerance may not necessarily mean celiac disease. It is estimated that 1 in 200 people in the world are celiac patients whereas 1 in 7 are sensitive to gluten.

Celiac disease

is an inflammatory disease of the upper small intestine that is caused due to gluten intolerance. It is a hereditary allergy that results in damage to the small intestine. Symptoms of celiac disease vary from person to person. Some of the

common digestive symptoms include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pale stools
  • Constipation

Other symptoms include:

  • Iron deficiency or anemia
  • Joint pain
  • Anxiety
  • Tingling sensations in the hands and feet
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Sores inside the mouth
  • Itchy skin or dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Women may experience irregular menstrual periods

What is gluten:

Gluten is a protein that is commonly found in barley, wheat and rye. It is a special protein which is a composite of the proteins gliadin and glutenin. It is also found in many cereals and many types of bread. However, not many foods from the grain family have gluten in them.

Gluten Intolerance:

Any intolerance to gluten is termed as gluten intolerance or gluten sensitivity. Many having gluten sensitivity are asymptomatic and for many more the symptoms appear as idiopathic instances of other diseases. If they appear the symptoms are the same as above.

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