Sunblock Allergy – Causes, Symptoms, Prevention

Sunblock allergy is caused due to the ingredients present in the sunblock. Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), dioxybenzone and other similar ingredients are responsible for causing an allergy to sunblock. Rash, redness, swelling, itchiness are some of the symptoms of allergy. If you suspect an allergy to sunblock, choose a sunblock which does not have fragrances, alcohol or preservatives. You can also choose a hypoallergenic sunblock. The following article gives you an overview on sunblock allergy.

Causes of Sunblock Allergy

The following chemicals are supposed to cause an allergic reaction:sunblock allergy

  • Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)
  • Oxybenzone
  • Dioxybenzone
  • Sulisobenzone

Choosing a sunblock which does not have the above chemicals can help you to avoid an allergy. In some cases, fragrances or alcohol present in the sunblock can also cause allergy.

Symptoms of Sunblock Allergy

Sunblock allergy can appear when you first start applying sunblock, or it can even occur after some years of application. One can experience the allergic symptoms immediately, or even upto days after application. The common signs and symptoms include:

  • Red skin
  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Blisters that are filled with fluid

These symptoms can appear in the sunscreen applied areas and even in the areas exposed to sunlight.

Treating Sunblock Allergy

If you experience redness, swelling or itchiness after applying the sunblock, wash it immediately with water. Using antihistamines may be helpful to treat the allergy.

Consult your allergist who would be able to detect the chemical which is causing the allergy. Skin test is used to determine the allergy. Once the allergic chemical is detected, you can prevent the allergy by avoiding sunblock application.

How to Prevent a Sunblock Allergy

Here are few tips to prevent the allergy:

  • Use a sunblock without fragrances, alcohol or fragrances
  • Choose a sunblock which is designed for children. These sunblocks do not contain harsh chemicals
  • Use a sunblock which contains titanium dioxide or zinc oxide other than harsh chemicals
  • Choosing a hypoallergenic sunblock can also help you to prevent an allergy

This is an overview on sunblock allergy.

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