Allergies

What is Pear Allergy?

Pear is an edible fruit, which belongs to the rose family. Pear can cause allergies resulting in itching/burning sensation of mouth, lips and tongue. It can also cause severe allergic reactions. Pear allergy is related to birch pollen allergy – people allergic to pear can also be allergic to birch pollen. The only way to avoid pear allergy would be to avoid pear and pear related products.

Pear allergy is caused due to the proteins present in pear. Since similar proteins are found in other fruits, people allergic to pear may also be allergic to these fruits.

Pear and related Allergies:

People having allergy to pear may also be allergic to apple, cherry, apricot, melon, banana, hazelnut, carrot. This is because similar protein structure is found in both pear and these foods.

Symptoms:

  • Oral allergy syndrome resulting in swelling of mouth, lips and tongue. Burning and tingling of mouth can also be experienced.
  • Skin reactions, resulting in hives, rash and redness
  • Gastrointestinal problems resulting in nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Severe allergic symptoms such as breathlessness, dizziness, low blood pressure. These are the symptoms of anaphylaxis – a severe allergic reaction. If an individual experiences these reactions, he/she should be immediately administered epinephrine to stop the allergic reaction.

How to Prevent Pear Allergy:

  • Get yourself tested for pear allergy
  • Avoid pear and foods containing pear
  • Always carry self-injectable epinephrine to avoid anaphylaxis

Testing and Treatment:

Skin prick test and blood test are conducted to check for pear allergy. Once an allergy is confirmed, your allergist may prescribe anti-histamines or corticosteroids to treat the allergy.

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