How to Control Dog Dander Allergy
It is reported that 15 to 30% of people suffer from allergies due to dogs and cats according to some researches in the US. Allergies to dogs are not as common as cat allergies. Allergy from dogs’ dander are more prevalent. The cause of dog allergy is mainly the dander not the hair, which can lead to mild and severe allergic symptoms. These symptoms can be prevented up to some extent. These preventive measures are described in this article.
Causes of Dog Allergy
The following are a few causes of dog allergy:
- Dander of a dog consists of dead cells of skin, which are highly allergic. A dog sheds dander along with shedding of hair. A dog’s fur has nothing to do with allergies, so cutting the hair short won’t help much in preventing the allergic symptoms. Mostly dander spreads from scratching of dogs themselves.
- These dander can stick to flooring, furniture and can also adhere to one’s clothing. Dander can also be found in various places where a dog has never been to like public buildings such as schools and work places etc. Allergen in the dander can be viable for several months.
Dog Dander Allergy Symptoms
The common symptoms of dog dander allergy are given below:
- Stuffy nose
- Itchy and swollen eyes and nose
- Skin rashes
- Breath shortness
The severity of dog allergy varies from one individual to the other. Some people can develop symptoms within 15 minutes of exposure to dog dander and others can take a few hours to develop.
Treatment of Dog Dander Allergy
The treatment of dog dander allergy involves the following measures:
- Person allergic to dog dander should avoid keeping pets at home.
- Various medicines to ward off the allergy symptoms should be taken such as Zyrtec which prevents dog dander allergy.
- Entry of dogs should be restricted in bedrooms.
- A dog should be cleaned often.
- Protective pillow covers and mattresses should be used on the bed.
- Wood or tile flooring should be used instead of carpets.
- HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) filter should be used in a vacuum.
The above are a few effective measures to control dog dander allergy.