Allergies

What Causes Red Itchy Bumps All Over Body?

red itchy bumpsRed itchy bumps all over body
is the most common skin reaction manifested, be it a side effect of a viral infection or the body hypersensitivity to any allergen. Depending on their pattern and location of occurrence, an idea can be made as to what exactly is causing it. These can be the cause of severe discomfort, itchiness and pain.

This particular skin reaction is often seen in infants and during early childhood. The symptoms diminish and cease to exist with progression of age.

Causes of red itchy bumps all over body

    • Sun Exposure:

      Excessive exposure to direct sun often causes it especially in people with sensitive skin.

    • Heat and Cold Rash:

      When the body is exposed to excessive sweating due to intense heat and humidity these little bumps appear. Similarly, a condition known as Cold Urticaria affects some individuals where the body develops skin rashes when exposed to snow and cold.

    • Insect Bites:

      A lot of people are severely allergic to the venom injected in the body by insects like mosquitoes, fleas, honeybees, wasps, ants, hornets etc. The body goes into an auto immune mode and produces a lot of histamines. As a result, a common occurrence is skin rash and hives. A study shows that this type of allergy affects around 3% of Americans and 1% of children.

    • Chicken pox:

      It is caused by the varicella zoster virus and is very contagious. This ailment begins with raised bumps on the skin which are extremely itchy and appear red. The outbreak is generally first on the face, back and scalp. Within two to three days the bumps start resembling fluid filled blisters. Mild fever and headache is commonly found along with the rash. Children with low immunity are more likely to get it.

    • Measles:

      It is an infection of the respiratory tract and is essentially caused by a virus. Highly contagious and it lists the discussed condition as a primary symptom. Other symptoms would be fever, cough, red bloodshot eyes and runny nose. Rashes appear within 3-5 days of the onset of the disease. Starting from the head and face these slowly move to other areas of the body. Again children with a weak immunity are prime targets of this virus.

    • Medications:

      A lot of times getting started on a new medication has been traced to be the cause of such skin reactions. In cancer patients, chemotherapy is often associated with skin reactions. Certain drug categories like NSAID (Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs), antibiotics and epilepsy medication have drug eruption rates of around 1-5%. Any medication can trigger off skin eruptions depending on the individual’s auto immune system.

    • Contact Dermatitis:

      This condition also involves the skin reactions in hypersensitive individuals when in contact with elements like metal, perfumes, detergents, cosmetics and even water sometimes. The otherwise harmless substance in the elements mentioned would evoke a lot of bodily reactions including the ones on skin. The rashes are generally localized and limited to the body surface in contact with the sensitive material.

  • Viral Rashes:

    Viral Rashes of the skin like shingles and herpes can also cause it. Shingles is caused by the same virus causing chicken pox and the outbreak starts with itchy bumps on skin. Herpes appear as red blisters containing infectious material.

  • Skin Conditions:

    Certain skin conditions like psoriasis, eczema, hives (urticaria) also start off with a classic skin rash having red swollen welts all over. These are often the consequence of viral or bacterial infection, drug sensitivity and other such factors.

  • Food Allergies:

    Hypersensitivities to certain proteins in food may cause them. People with a allergies to things like nut, milk, wheat, mangoes, eggs, shell fish, tomatoes etc get the red skin rash to begin with.

Red itchy Bumps all over body is generally treated with topical ointments and oral medication. Antihistamines help when allergies are the underlying cause. If symptoms persist, it would be a good idea to consult a physician.

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