What is Anaphylactic Shock?
Anaphylactic shock is also referred to as anaphylaxis. This is a serious and life threatening allergic reaction. It is defined as a health condition where there is an improper functioning of the immune system of the body to any allergens such as insect bites, medications, food, etc. Immune system safeguards the body from the invasion of foreign substances like virus or bacterium by producing antibodies against them.
Immune system of some people reacts much even to substances that are not considered as allergens. These immune systems set a chain of chemical reactions that result in releasing a flood of chemicals. This triggers allergy symptoms to develop and the person goes into a shock. It just takes a few seconds or minutes for the shock to hit the person after getting exposed to allergens. Read on to know the causes and symptoms of anaphylactic shock.
Causes of Anaphylactic Shock
• The most common triggers for anaphylactic shock are foods like tree nuts, peanuts, sesame seeds, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk.
• Medications such as penicillin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also cause anaphylactic shock.
• Insect stings from wasps, bees, hornets, fire ants, and yellow jackets are other causes of anaphylactic shock.
• Some other rare causes include exercises, muscle relaxants and natural latex.
Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock
The following are the symptoms of anaphylactic shock:
• The most common symptoms of anaphylactic shock include pale skin, itching, hives and a rapid or a weak pulse
• Tongue, lips or throat may swell
• It can also cause trouble in breathing and wheezing
• A person with anaphylaxis may experience dizziness, itchy and sore eyes, metallic taste in mouth, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, feeling of unconscious or getting collapses or gloomy feeling
The above mentioned symptoms can be observed in people in a few minutes of exposure to allergic substances such as insect stings, food or medications. Sometimes these symptoms develop after 30 minutes. People who suffer mild allergic reactions in the past are more prone to anaphylaxis symptoms. Anaphylaxis symptoms are same in children also.
These are the causes and symptoms of anaphylactic shock.