What is Malar Rash?

sun allergiesMalar rash is also referred to as butterfly rash due to the way it appears, mainly on the face of an individual. These rashes develop on the bridge of the nose and it is in the shape of a butterfly. This rash on the skin is either purple or red in color. To some extent, they are scaly. This malar rash has sharp edges but luckily they do not cause itching like other skin rashes. Read on to know more about the causes and treatments for this rash.

Causative Factors of Malar Rash:

Several factors cause malar rash. These are mainly caused by some diseases that results in the formation of rashes. Following are some of the causes:


This is a chronic skin condition which results in the swelling up of the face of a person and redness also appear. If an individual blushes more than needed, it can be first indication of rosacea. Also, if the face of an individual has a constant blushed or sunburn look, which doesn’t diminish, even after trying much, then it can be a symptom of rosacea. Apart from redness, the person may also get pimple like structures on skin. This can be either solid and small or might be filled with pus. The blood vessels on face may also become prominent.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE):

This is a chronic autoimmune connective disorder, which generally afflicts various parts of the body, mainly the tissues and cells of the body. SLE afflicts the heart, several joints of the human body and also lungs, kidneys, nervous system, blood vessels and the skin. This is more prevalent in women compared to men. Systemic lupus erythematosus can be either due to environmental problems such as UV rays or due to genetic reasons. SLE can also develop due to some drug reactions in body, causing typical lupus butterfly rash.

Lyme disease:

Lyme is caused by the Borrelua burgdorferi bacteria. It is mainly caused by the ticks that comes from mice. It afflicts the eyes, the heart, the skin, the musculoskeletal system and the central and peripheral nervous system.


A weak immune system and lack of proper nutrition are the primary causes of seborrhea. Basically this is dandruff which most people suffer from. Scaling of skin or greasy scalp in the areas of scalp, central part of face, the nasolabial fold and under the breast are the symptoms of this condition.


This is a connective tissue disorder which leads to inflammation of the skin and the muscles. However, there are no known causes, but some physicians recommend that it can be a viral infection. Certain drugs which are for controlling blood cholesterol levels in body can also result in dermatomyositis.

Symptoms of Malar Rash:

Following are some of the symptoms of malar rash:

  • Rash can be either raised or flat and it becomes worse if exposed to sunlight.
  • Rashes are in purple or red color which makes the skin look as if it got a permanent blush or sunburn.
  • Rashes appear on the cheeks of an individual and across the nose bridge as well, which looks like a butterfly.

Treatment for Malar Rash:

Several treatments are available for treating this skin rash, but you need to consult the dermatologist at the appropriate time. If you notice a person with these symptoms of rash, you must consult the health care provider immediately. Following are some malar rash treatments:

  • There are many steroid creams that can be used on the rashes if the physician prescribes only. Never take over the counter medications for treating this rash. Always seek physician’s advise before applying any cream or ointment. These creams lessen the inflammation and itching.
  • Try to avoid going out in sunlight. You must use sunscreen lotion whenever you are going out and also cover your body from the sun.
  • There is no particular diet plan for this. If you are suffering from a malar rash, it is best to boost your immune system. You can do this by following a healthy diet.
  • It is also must to sleep well and take sufficient amount of rest. You must also drink plenty of water as it helps in flushing out toxins from the body.

Thus, this was some information regarding malar rash, what triggers it and what are the signs of it and how to treat it. You can follow the above precautions and follow the guidelines of your health care provider.

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