Allergies

What Causes Stuffy Nose?

Stuffy nose is annoying rather than serious. In this nasal passages may get congested or blocked because of the accumulation of excess mucus. The primary causes include swelling of mucosa lining of nostrils and inflamed blood vessels. There are several reasons that result in inflammation of blood vessels. They may range from hypersensitive immune responses to structural responses. Identifying the root causes of stuffy nose trying to avoid them and following remedies for stuffy nose helps in preventing frequent episodes of nasal congestion

What Causes Stuffy Nose?

Also, stuffy nose is referred to as nasal congestion, nasal blockage, nasal obstruction and blocked nose. Apart from difficulty in breathing, it also has other symptoms like change in voice, sleep problems, snoring, headache, mild facial pain, reduced hearing and pressure in ears. Nasal congestion in babies greatly disturbs normal sleeping schedule, breathing and feeding, whilst it is a rarely serious condition for adults. Following are some of the

causes of stuffy nose

.

Allergic responses:

If you are exposed to chemical sprays, dust, pollens and other allergens, your body may secrete histamines to combat them. This response of immune system may lead to increase in blood flow that triggers nasal congestion and swelling of mucus membranes.

Flu and Common Cold:

Often flu or common cold ends up with nasal obstruction and sore throat. This is due to the viral infection in upper respiratory tract. Similar to the allergies, immune system responds to the infections by producing histamines, leading to inflammation of nasal membranes and dilation of blood vessels.

Non Allergic Rhinitis: Non allergic rhinitis refers to the inflammation of mucus membranes in nasal passages without allergic reactions and other causes. Sneezing, itchiness, runny nose and blocked nose are the most common symptoms. The condition may recur or the symptoms don’t improve with time.

Deviated Septum:

Chronic bouts of the nasal congestion can be because of structural abnormalities. Stuffy nose due to deviated nasal septum can be experienced in one or both nostrils. Concha bullosa and enlarged adenoid are other structural problems which cause recurring nasal congestion.

Sinus infection:

Another main factor for stuffy nose is bacterial infection of paranasal sinuses. Usually this is followed by the common cold. Other signs such as mucus discharge, sinus headache and sinus pressure are associated with sinusitis. Both chronic and acute sinusitis are also responsible for nasal congestion.

Side Effects of Medications:

It is not an unusual case to suffer from stuffy nose due to medications. This is so because the medicines afflict blood flow and lead to increased blood flow in blood vessels. This causes swelling of mucus membranes in nose causing blocked nose and increased mucus secretion.

The aforementioned are some of the

causes of stuffy nose

. First determine the underlying cause of nasal congestion and use medications accordingly.

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