Cow Milk Allergy in Children
Cow’s milk allergy in children is one of the common food allergies, especially in young children. Most of the babies leave behind milk allergies by their second or third year. Even though there is no proper treatment which can completely cure cow’s milk allergy in children, the symptoms can be prevented by giving a diary-free food to the children.
What is Cow Milk Allergy?
Milk consists of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals, fat and water. The protein in the milk is the cause of the cow’s milk allergy. This food allergy can occur in both formula-fed and breastfed children. Comparatively breastfed children are less likely to develop milk allergy. But in some cases breastfed children develop cow’s milk allergy when the milk protein passes from mother’s diet into the breast-milk. Some babies become sensitized to milk protein present in mother’s breast-milk and can develop cow’s milk allergy only when they are introduced to cow’s milk later.
What are the Symptoms of Cow Milk Allergy?
Milk allergy develops when the immune system mistakenly takes the milk protein as some substance that the body should get rid off. This begins as allergic reaction making the child to get irritable and fussy which later causes stomach upset and many other symptoms. Children who develop cow’s milk protein allergy can show one or more of these symptoms.
- Abdominal pain or cramps
- Skin rash or eczema
Some children can develop very serious allergic reaction which is known as anaphylaxis. This happens within a few minutes after drinking or eating food. The symptoms that are associated with this reaction is swelling of mouth, tongue and face leading to breathing difficulty. Some other signs of anaphylactic reaction are itchy rash, hives and severe vomiting.
This is a brief description on cow’s milk allergy in children. Children allergic to cow’s milk react even to sheep’s and goat’s milk and some among them can also become allergic to protein present in soy milk.
To know more on research of cow’s milk allergy, read Cows’ Milk Allergy: Disrupts Family, Too.