Allergies

Allergy Treatment Options

What factors cause allergy? And what allergy treatment options are available? The following article can help you in knowing all about this. Most of the times, when we get involved in dusting or cleaning activities, we experience sneezing or a feeling of irritation in the nose or itching in the hair. This condition is commonly termed as allergy. The immune system of the body is designed in such a way that it can fight against foreign substances by developing antibodies against them. The substances like pollen, gases, animal dander, dust mites, etc cause allergic reactions in the body. Even certain foods can cause allergic reactions in some people. Here are the effective allergy treatment options.

Here are the options for allergy treatment :

  • Avoiding Allergens

    Most of the foods cause allergies. Foods such as eggs, milk, tree nuts, peanuts, soybeans and wheat cause allergies especially in children. These types of food allergies can lead to severe form of allergic reaction called anaphylactic shock, affecting the complete body. Symptoms like skin rash, hives, swollen lips and eyelids, vomiting, shortness of breath and wheezing occur soon after eating any of these foods. The best treatment option is to avoid eating the foods which you are allergic to. The most important thing is to keep your home and surroundings clean to get rid of dust mites and molds that can cause allergies. You should take all possible measures so as to avoid any allergens.

  • Medications for Allergies

    Medications such as antihistamines are usually suggested for treating symptoms of allergy. Antihistamines are available in the form of eye drops, nasal sprays and pills. There are many medicines for allergies that a physician will prescribe. You should always go for a physician’s prescription of medicines. During the allergic reaction, the immune system releases histamines that cause enlargement of blood vessels. This is the reason the symptoms like wheezing, itching and eczema become evident. Antihistamines subside these symptoms effectively. Even other medications like decongestants and steroids are also prescribed. Steroids help in reducing the inflammation in blood vessels and nasal passages. For asthma affected people, bronchodilators are generally prescribed. These drugs promote relaxation of the muscles around the nasal passages.

  • Allergy Therapy

    The intensified immune response can be subdued by immunotherapy. The agents called immunomodulators are used in this therapy, which are a combination of recombinant, natural and synthetic cytokines. Allergy shots are produced to the immune system through this therapy to build tolerance to the allergens. A long term therapy can yield better benefits for those who are extremely sensitive and allergic towards certain substances. This therapy is suggested mostly for those suffering from asthma or allergic rhinitis.

Allergy Treatment Guidelines

There are certain important points to be kept in mind when getting exposed to allergens other than the above mentioned allergy treatment options. They include:

  • People who are sensitive and allergic to certain foods should first check on the foods and the foods labels to find out the allergens.
  • When performing household activities like gardening or cleaning, make a habit of tying cloth or mask across the mouth and nose to prevent dust, pollen, mold or any allergens from entering into the nasal passage.
  • Replace woolen blankets and feathery pillows with alternative cottons or synthetics.
  • Keep the doors and windows closed especially during windy days and heavy pollutions seasons. Also do not maintain any indoor plants during such weathers.
  • Use dehumidifiers and air filters to keep safe atmosphere in the home.
  • Clean your pet and ensure it is free from mildew and fleas. Or else at times, they can become carriers of harmful allergens.

This is all about allergy treatment options and certain important guidelines. Avoiding allergens all the time is difficult. So it is good to have a healthy immune system to prevent allergies.

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