Outdoor Allergies – Symptoms And Diagnosis
Outdoor allergies, also known as hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis, are allergies to airborne particles found in the environment. On inhaling these particles, they cause certain symptoms like congestion, runny nose, sinus pressure and sneezing. Some of the examples of allergens that cause outdoor allergies include pollen from trees, weeds and grass, and mold spores. Let us know about the symptoms and diagnosis of outdoor allergies, along with how to avoid outdoor allergy triggers.
Outdoor allergies mainly occur during fall, summer and spring seasons because of abundant pollen during these seasons. People may be sensitive to different allergens and may experience different symptoms. Outdoor allergies even depend on the place you live, you may experience more symptoms in one place and there may be no symptoms in some other place.
Symptoms of Outdoor Allergies
Symptoms begin immediately after getting exposed to outdoor airborne allergens. They include:
- Red eyes
- Watery and itchy eyes
- Nasal congestion
- Runny nose
- Facial pain and sinus pressure
- Itching sensation in the throat, nose and roof of the mouth.
- Sore throat
- Decreased sense of taste and smell
- Asthma symptoms like wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath
Outdoor allergies even cause interference in the daily life of some people by causing fatigue, irritability and difficulty in sleeping.
Symptoms of outdoor allergies begin at the same time every year because of the production of the pollen from specific plants you are allergic to. Symptoms usually tend to subside with age, but the process is too slow.
Diagnosis of Outdoor Allergies
To determine outdoor allergies, the allergist may ask your family history and your health, and will go ahead by performing physical examination. You may be asked to answer questions to the symptoms you have, their severity, the place and time of occurrence. Allergy tests are performed to determine the specific allergen and severity of the allergy. The allergy tests include skin prick test, skin patch test, blood test. Interpreting all the test results along with medical history helps in diagnosing the allergies.
Ways to Avoid Outside Allergy Triggers
Here are the ways that help you to avoid getting exposed to allergens when present outside the house. They help in avoiding exposure to grass pollens, tree pollens, weed pollens such as tumbleweed and ragweed pollen.
- Avoid going outside in the morning – Morning is the time that most of the pollen and mold spores as well as other allergens are in the air in the greatest amounts.
- Avoid the wind – Windy days are best for allergens to travel in the air.
- Enjoy the rain – Rain washes away a lot of the allergens that go around. This means that rainy days are good for allergy sufferers.
- Use air conditioning – This can help to clean the air in the home or the car. A HEPA filter in the home is a good way to get rid of allergens.
- Stay near the water – Water is good in preventing the transfer of allergens. Therefore, if you stay near a river, lake or ocean, you are likely to feel better than in areas with grass, bushes or trees.
- Do not dry clothes outside – It might be interesting to know that when you dry clothes outside, a lot of pollen can stick to the clothing. Therefore, your clothes can become a veritable breeding ground for allergens. After this you might be wearing your allergens and not even know it.
- Eat well and rest – When suffering from an allergy, the body is under great amount of strain and stress. This means that you need more than usual amount of rest and nutrition, in order to have energy. This can be achieved by eating right, getting the proper amount of exercise and sleeping sufficiently.
- Stay aware of pollen counts – The internet or the weather channel are good ways to find out the allergen count in the air in your area.
This is all about the symptoms, diagnosis of outside allergies and the ways to avoid outside allergen triggers.