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An allergic reaction is triggered mainly by molecules called proteins, which are called the allergens. No matter how long or short their tresses are, allergens are found in their skin, saliva, and urine. No dog can be called hypoallergenic.
Skin dander is a common allergen and the shed hair transfers more allergens to people. Dogs with long hair are not likely to cause an allergy than dogs with short hair. However, dogs like the Portuguese water dog shed less hair than other breeds. So, the lesser shedding the lesser the allergies. It also depends on people depending on their sensitivity to certain allergens.
According to the American kennel Club, there are several breeds that have non-shedding coats. They shed very little and unlike other dogs, they don’t shed undercoat. Some of the breeds according to the AKC list are Chinese crested, Kerry blue terrier, Bedlington terrier, Portuguese water dog, Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican hairless dog), Poodle, Maltese, and Schnauzer.
There are certain mixes called the designer dogs that are very popular. One of them is the Labradoodle, which is a Labrador/poodle mix. This is said to have a less dander. However, AKC states that there is no guarantee on whether these dogs would have poodle like coats.
Cat saliva has strong allergens. As with the dogs, even cats with long or short hair do not matter. However, some of the cat breeds like Russian blue cats and the Siberian cats are less allergenic.
If you are allergic to dogs, then some of the signs are:
•Runny and itchy eyes
•Coughing and wheezing
A blood test or skin test called RAST (Radioallergosorbent test) helps in detecting the cause of allergies.
•Play with pets outdoors
•Wash your dog at least weekly
•Keep your pets out of bedrooms
•Wash your hands after touching your pet
•Get rid of rugs and carpets
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