Egg Allergies in Children

Allergies are an immediate response or reactions to substances or things that are generally not harmful but a person may conceive it to be. For example, food allergies are a spontaneous reaction against a particular food like eggs. Future exposure to the same allergen like eggs, nuts or pollen can trigger the production of antibodies against it. This indirectly implies that when a person eats an egg again, he or she is bound to have an allergic reaction.

Causes of egg allergies in children:

Egg allergies are stimulated by the protein contents in the egg yolks and egg whites. However, most people are more allergic to egg whites. Even so that some breast fed infants have an allergic reaction to the egg proteins in breast milk.

Egg allergies in children begin when they are as young as infants but kids outgrow with such allergies when they are about five to seven years old. Most children are allergic to the protein contents in the egg whites but for some it gets tough to tolerate even the egg yolks.

Signs and symptoms of egg allergies in children:

To detect an allergy such as an egg allergy in children can be a real challenge for parents. This happens because most of the foods kids eat contain eggs in them and the ingredients that can cause allergy are hidden. So it becomes difficult for parents to identify the allergic reactions to any food items per say. However, experts have arrived on a few signs which can help parents decide that their child is allergic to eggs within a few minutes or hours after consuming eggs.

  • The skin becomes red, itchy and rashes appear
  • Stomach cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Diagnosis or testing for egg allergies in children:

Diagnosis for egg allergies in children is done through a process of elimination where doctors advise parents to discard egg from all food items served to kids allergic to them. But it is observed that kids react to egg proteins within other foods as well. This makes diagnosis and treatment a little more complicated than before.

  • Children suffering from egg allergies have to undergo a skin test. The doctor puts a sample of diluted eggs either on the forearm or on the back and the area is scratched or pricked with a needle. If an inflammation or redness occurs in that region then it is considered as an allergic reaction.
  • Doctors can also make the child undergo a blood test to check for antibodies against any specific allergen as eggs.
  • Doctors may also advise parents to eliminate egg products from their kids diet for about a week or two. If symptoms vanish then an allergic reaction to eggs can be assumed.
  • If these tests are not effective enough then the doctor can increase the intake of eggs in the child diet to look for symptoms of allergy against eggs.

Treatment options for egg allergies in children:

Experts are of the opinion that no medications can actually treat egg allergies in children. The only way to treat egg allergies they claim is to abolish eggs from all food items. However, in extreme conditions, children falling in the age group between twelve to thirteen years can be treated with a shot of epinephrine injection.

This injection is called EpiPen and is usually injected on the children thigh muscles. Always consult a doctor before using it to treat the egg allergies in your kid. Also make sure that this injection is available at your own home or at your relatives place in case of an emergency.

Children suffering from egg allergies need to be rushed to a clinic or hospital as a relapse of such an allergic reaction is observed to be common. The child therefore needs adequate attention for at least four to eight hours after the first allergic reaction has occurred.

Home remedies for egg allergies in children:

Four ingredients are considered ideal for treating such allergies in children and they include vegetable juice, castor oil mixed with fruit or vegetable juice, lime juice and bananas.

Since allergies of such kind are usually a temporary phase in the development or growth years of a child, there is little to worry. However, allergic symptoms in kids should not be ignored but immediately attended to.